Wildlife Wednesday: The Big Duck Food Experiment!

Ducks and children – could there be a better match for early childhood fun? I’m not entirely sure how the tradition of going to feed the ducks began or how far back in history. I don’t know whether it is the comedic way ducks waddle, their noisy quacking or their unquestioning acceptance of the important role of the little person clutching a bag of food. One things is for sure – feeding the quackers is a beloved activity of almost every family at some point.

We are no exception. Roo asks to go and feed the ducks at least once every couple of weeks if not more often. With ducks aplenty on the riverside at Henley-on-Thames, boats to watch, the River and Rowing Museum to pop into afterwards for the occasional slice of cake and mooch and two fantastic playgrounds just behind the riverside, it is as perfect a spot for riverside fun as you could hope for. Plus for Roo it is a chance to see the Pirate Ducks and their boat – a rhyming story about the Henley ducks I made up a year or so back that has become a favourite of hers. She’s always keen to see what latest mischief they might have been up to.

Henley-on-Thames riverside

I never get tired of this view in Henley . The riverside here has so much on offer for children.

The slight cloud in the sky (or should that be duckweed in the pond?) is that the Henley ducks are far too fond of bread. Bread has been the traditional go-to duck food for families for as long as I can remember. It’s so popular that in 2014 nearly a quarter of English and Welsh people had fed a total of 6 million loaves of bread to the ducks! (River and Canal Trust )

Trouble is, bread is not great for either the ducks or the riverside. Excess bread bobbing around uneaten in the water can cause algal blooms and attract rats and other undesirable vermin. White bread is the worst culprit. It has very little nutritional value for ducks but tastes great to them, meaning they quickly fill up their tummies at the expense of their natural diets of things like aquatic plants, leaves and seed. As a result they miss out on vital nutrients in their diet.This can lead to sickness, disease and deformities such as angel wing where the bird’s wings grow faster than the supporting joints and tissues. This results in them being unable to fly which is a major risk factor in being able to escape danger.

duck, henley

Definitely a pirate duck…

The good news is that there are plenty of other foods to try instead of bread. Even better  – most of them involve minimal cost:

  • rice (cooked or uncooked),
  • frozen peas and sweetcorn (defrosted),
  • chopped lettuce or salad greens,
  • uncooked oats (yes – the type you put in your porridge or muesli),
  • chopped vegetable peelings,
  • duck food,
  • birdseed,
  • chopped grapes,
  • grains such as barley, wheat or cracked corn
  • worms (mealworms probably easiest)

Roo, her friend and I decided headed to the river to conduct a bit of an experiment. Clutching small bags of chopped lettuce; chopped carrot peelings (saved from the compost bin); mixed bird seed (from our garden bird food supplies); rolled uncooked porridge oats and defrosted frozen peas, our aim was to test out which foods from the ‘approved’ list are the most popular with our local ducks and geese.

Coots, henley

Coots on the seed look out!

With two little people clutching the above duck delicacies we were soon mobbed by ducks, geese (mainly Canada Geese) and the occasional swan. Both Roo and her friend chose a bag each to test at the same time before both swapping for something new. We also tried a few different spots along the riverside in an attempt to avoid overfeeding one group of ducks. This was probably a bit futile though given half of them followed us!

The mini-researchers took their task very seriously and a few clear ducky preferences did show up quickly amongst our Henley waterfowl. Here are the results of their highly scientific research:

  • Lettuce is about as popular with ducks and geese as it is with toddlers. Both ducks and geese ate it but rather begrudgingly when there was nothing else on offer. It seemed to be more popular with the geese and swans.
Feeding ducks, Henley on Thames

No takers for lettuce thanks. We’re sticking with the oats!

  • The mixed garden bird seed continued to get an equally mixed reaction. The geese didn’t even bother trying it, the ducks (mainly mallards) would give it a cursory nibble if it came close but weren’t hugely impressed. The only ones really keen on it were the coots. The main issue with the seed seemed to be that it sinks quite quickly but the coots would dive after it determinedly, popping up again unexpectedly much to the childrens’ delight. The sinking factor and its small size also made portion control extra tricky for little people.
  • The peas were fairly popular that day with both geese and ducks. Compared to lettuce that is…
  • Carrot peelings were a surprising success with our feathered friends! They beat peas, lettuce and seed hands down for both ducks and geese. Even the swans deigned to have a try!
  • Porridge oats were another popular choice. Good news given you can buy a kilo of them for under a pound from well known supermarkets.
Feeding ducks, Henley on Thames

Did someone say oats?! Yes please!

The other interesting thing was that at one point Roo and her friend were joined by another little girl who had a traditional bag of bread. I was bit afraid our ducks would instantly defect. Whilst  a few did head over to investigate the majority stayed with us. I’m not quite sure why – my past experience is that as soon as bread is on offer the ducks decide it’s time to head for bready dessert. Perhaps it was the variety of what we were feeding them that day that kept them interested? It certainly wasn’t timing – we went at peak post-school time!

Feeding ducks, Henley on Thames

It must be good nosh if the swans are interested!

One thing is for sure – I’m not going to be spending money on posh duck pellets any time soon. Inexpensive porridge oats, vegetable peelings and the occasional bit of left-over lettuce (everyone needs their greens after-all) will be leading the way in future. Plus we still have rice, mealworm and grapes to try out! What do the ducks enjoy to eat where you are?





Monkey and Mouse
Country Kids from Coombe Mill Family Farm Holidays Cornwall

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  1. That’s fascinating! I knew bread wasn’t good for them but hadn’t really considered what the alternatives were. I’ll be heading out with a bag of veggie peelings instead next time! That’s a fantastic idea for an experiment to do with little ones. Always on the look out for good ideas…thanks for sharing!

  2. Such an interesting post and full of information. I have heard before that bread in quantity is actually bad for ducks. Our ducks are happy with the same scraps we feed the pigs so greens and pealings, turns out I’m doing the right thing! so good to hear your ducks stayed for Roo when the bag of bread came along, I’m sure the variety you offered played a big part. A lovely post, thank you so much for linking up with #CountryKids

  3. Ive been planning and getting photos for post on not giving ducks bread too Love reading this as I think the word needs to be spread about trying to feed them the ‘right stuff.’ Excellent tips.

  4. Interesting to read about the alternatives to feed ducks with, I knew that bread was no good for them

  5. This is really interesting. I’ve never thought of bread being bad for ducks. It’s such a popular past time, it’s so bad what we assume. But your findings are really interesting. We’re definitely going to start heading to our duck pond with a different variety of foods from now on. Thank you so much for linking to #whatevertheweather x

  6. We’ve been experimenting too, but not as widely as you with offerings! The lettuce was completely ignored by them, carrots the same, but porridge oats (uncooked) were gobbled up. So that’s the way forward for us, oats for whenever we see them, as you say, at least it’s cheap! We haven’t fed the ducks for a while, we must get back out to visit some soon. Thanks so much for linking up to #Whatevertheweather 🙂 x

    1. The oats are definitely a winner and the ducks near us ate enough of the veggie peelings for that to be worth it too. Roo was less keen on handling those ones though. Can’t imagine why when they’d been in the compost bin for a day…!

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